The most common types of honey found on store shelves are mixed flower honeys derived from various flowers. The number of variations is infinite, depending on the characteristic plants in the area where bees collect nectar.
Honey can be divided into two main categories:
1. Field Honey:
This type is collected earlier and includes plants such as alfalfa, crown vetch, clover, and rapeseed. These honeys have less distinctive aroma and taste.
2. Mountain Honey:
Collected later, mountain honey is darker in color, more aromatic, and has a characteristic flavor. It is richer in vitamins and trace elements. The color of honey does not indicate its quality; it merely reflects the diversity of its components.
When beekeepers deliberately transport bees to different blooming areas, it is possible for honey to be produced from a single type of flower. In this case, bees collect pollen exclusively from one type of flower. This is known as varietal honey when the pollen of a single flower type reaches 45% of the product.
Types of Honey
There can be various types of honey, including:
Acacia honey is light, amber, transparent, sweet-smelling, and has a delicate taste. It is particularly beneficial for treating sore throats and gastritis. Its soothing properties are well known, but due to its high fructose content, it should be consumed in small quantities by diabetics.
Chestnut honey can be made from nectar or honeydew, and its color can range from light to dark brown. It has a strong, bitter aroma and taste. The Chestnut Honey is particularly rich in minerals and is renowned for its diuretic, expectorant, and circulatory-improving effects. It is recommended for anemia, exhaustion, and obesity.
Lime honey has a creamy texture, and its color can range from light yellow to greenish-brown, depending on the honeydew. It has a rather strong fragrance and is known for its soothing and antispasmodic effects, making it beneficial for nervousness and insomnia.
Sunflower honey is intensely yellow and has diuretic, invigorating, diaphoretic, and antipyretic effects, particularly beneficial for young children.
Rapeseed honey is light in color, with no distinctive aroma or taste, and crystallizes quickly. It is not very popular and is mainly used in the food industry.
Rosemary honey has a nearly solid, strongly granulated texture, and its color can vary from white to pale gold. It has a pleasant aroma and a delicious taste. This Honey is recommended for liver problems, as it aids in liver detoxification, reducing jaundice and restoring liver function. It has invigorating effects and can be beneficial for exhaustion. It is excellent for the stomach and intestines, reducing flatulence and stomach acid while healing colitis.
Alfalfa honey is bright yellow and has antispasmodic, diuretic, toning, and energizing effects, making it suitable for athletes.
Lavender honey is light, mostly white in color, with a pleasant and delicious aroma. It has a greasy texture and can be applied externally for burns, insect bites, and infected cuts. It has excellent antibacterial and disinfectant properties. Its diuretic and vermifuge effects are also known, and it is recommended for insomnia.
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